Relevant genetic markers for myasthenia gravis (MG) include tumor necrosis factors α and β, Fcγ receptor IIa, and interleukin 10. The corresponding gene products are thought to be involved in MG pathogenesis.
To investigate whether MG susceptibility correlates with specific combinations of genetic markers and to compare the contribution of each marker.
Forty-seven patients with MG and 92 healthy blood donors.
Main Outcome Measures
Presence of tumor necrosis factors α and β, Fcγ receptor IIa, and interleukin 10 genotypes and autoantibodies against nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, titin, and ryanodine receptor.
Susceptibility to MG increases with an increasing number of genetic markers in both thymomatous MG and MG with titin antibodies but not in early-onset MG. In thymomatous MG, Fcγ receptor IIa allelic variants seem to be the most important determinant of disease.
Specific combinations of allelic variants individually associated with MG synergize in predisposing to thymomatous MG and MG with titin antibodies.