I Chronic parkinsonism in humans due to a product of meperidine-analog synthesis. Science.1983;219:979-980.
DA Potentiated and preferential effects of combined paraquat and maneb on nigrostriatal dopamine systems: environmental risk factors for Parkinson's disease? Brain Res.2000;873:225-234.
JT Chronic systemic pesticide exposure reproduces features of Parkinson's disease. Nat Neurosci.2000;3:1301-1306.
D Organochlorine insecticides in substantia nigra in Parkinson's disease. J Toxicol Environ Health A.2000;59:229-234.
JR Parkinson's disease and brain levels of organochlorine pesticides. Ann Neurol.1994;36:100-103.
S Environmental and genetic factors in the etiology of Parkinson's disease. Adv Neurol.1987;45:299-306.
et al Parkinson's disease in Ferrara, Italy, 1967 through 1987. Arch Neurol.1991;48:854-857.
et al Environmental risk factors in Parkinson's disease. Neurology.1990;40:1218-1221.
HP Is Parkinson's disease of early onset a seperate disease entity? J Neurol.1989;236:203-207.
et al Environmental risk factors for Parkinson's disease in an urban multiethnic community. Neurology.1998;50:279-281.
MA Risk-factors for Parkinson's disease: case-control study in the provence of Cáceres, Spain. Acta Neurol Scand.1994;89:164-170.
W Early onset Parkinson's disease in Saskatchewan—environmental considerations for etiology. Can J Neurol Sci.1986;13:312-316.
SE Geographic variations in the prevalence rates of Parkinson's disease in Alberta. Can J Neurol Sci.1993;20:307-311.
et al Environmental factors in the etiology of Parkinson's disease. Can J Neurol Sci.1987;14:419-423.
CM The role of environmental toxins in the etiology of Parkinson's disease. Trends Neurosci.1989;12:49-54.
RD The origins of epidemiologic studies of heart disease, cancer and osteoporosis among Hawaii Japanese. Hawaii Med J.1985;44:294-296.
DL Ten-year incidence of coronary heart disease in the Honolulu Heart Program: relationship to biologic and lifestyle characteristics. Am J Epidemiol.1984;119:653-666.
D Prospective study of cigarette smoking and the risk of developing idiopathic Parkinson's disease. Am J Epidemiol.1994;139:1129-1138.
et al Prevalence of dementia in older Japanese-American men in Hawaii: the Honolulu-Asia Aging Study. JAMA.1996;276:955-960.
A Acertainment of men of Japanese ancestry in Hawaii through World War II selective service registration. J Chronic Dis.1970;23:389-397.
LR Epidemiologic observations on Parkinson's disease: incidence and mortality in a prospective study of middle-aged men. Neurology.1996;46:1044-1050.
S Assessment of Parkinson's disease.
TL, ed. Quantification of Neurologic Deficit. Boston, Mass: Butterworths-Heinemann; 1989:285-309.
WR Research diagnostic criteria for Parkinson's disease. Adv Neurol.1990;53:245-249.
et al Association of coffee and caffeine intake with the risk of Parkinson disease. JAMA.2000;283:2674-2679.
JA Analysis of covariance and standardization as instances of prediction. Biometrics.1982;38:613-621.
DR Regression models and life tables. J R Stat Soc.1972;34:187-202.
J King Cane: The Story of Sugar in Hawaii. New York, NY: Harper & Brothers Publishers; 1939:50-62.
A-K Nutritional and occupational factors influencing the risk of Parkinson's disease: a case-control study in southeastern Sweden. Mov Disord.1999;14:28-37.
RJ The risk of Parkinson's disease with exposure to pesticides, farming, well water, and rural living. Neurology.1989;50:1346-1350.
CM Epidemiologic study of Parkinson's disease in Hong Kong. Neurology.1989;39:1314-1318.
et al Environmental risk factors and Parkinson's disease: a case-control study in Taiwan. Neurology.1997;48:1583-1588.
RG Parkinson's disease and exposure to agricultural work and pesticide chemicals. Neurology.1992;42:1328-1335.
JW Do environmental toxins cause Parkinson's disease? a critical review. Neurology.1990;40:17-30.
L Nocardia species: host-parasite relationships. Clin Microbiol Rev.1994;7:213-264.
BL Nocardia species as an etiologic agent in Parkinson's disease: serological testing in a case-control study. J Clin Microbiol.1995;33:2768-2769.
BL L-dopa-responsive movement disorder caused by Nocardia asteroides localized in the brains of mice. Infect Immun.1991;59:181-191.
K Circulating antibody to Nocardia in the serum of patients with Parkinson's disease. Adv Neurol.1993;60:355-357.
et al Occupational exposures to metals as risk factors for Parkinson's disease. Neurology.1997;48:650-658.
E The Story of James Dole. Aiea, Hawaii: Island Heritage Publishing; 1990:61-62.
MD Postencephalitic parkinsonism—a review. J Neural Transm.1998;105:645-676.
SA Occupational risk factors in Parkinson's disease. Can J Public Health.1999;90:334-337.
T A possible role of influenza A virus infection for Parkinson's disease. Adv Neurol.2001;86:91-104.
PH Follow-up study of early-life protective and risk factors in Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord.1990;5:66-70.
D A case-control study of Parkinson's disease in a horticultural region of British Columbia. Mov Disord.1994;9:69-75.
WC Risk factors for Parkinson's disease. Neurology.1993;43:1693-1697.
et al Possible environmental, occupational, and other etiologic factors for Parkinson's disease: a case-control study in Germany. Neurology.1996;46:1275-1284.
et al Environmental factors in the etiology of Parkinson's disease [in French]. Can J Neurol Sci.1990;17:286-291.
et al Environmental and genetic factors in Parkinson's disease: a case-control study in Southern Italy. Mov Disord.1996;11:17-23.
S Exposure to well water and pesticides in Parkinson's disease: a case-control study in the Madrid area. Mov Disord.1992;7:149-152.
UK Environmental risk factors in Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord.1999;14:928-939.
et al Environmental factors and Parkinson's disease: a case-control study in China. Neurology.1989;39:660-664.
State of Hawaii, Department of Land and Natural Resources Oahu's Drinking Water. Honolulu: Drinking Water Branch; 2000. Publication 7-28-2000.
Hawaii Department of Agriculture Evaluation of Pesticide Problems in Hawaii. Honolulu: Hawaii Department of Agriculture; 1969.
E Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology. San Diego, Calif; Harcourt Brace Jovanich Inc; 1991:20-23.