R Education and the prevalence of dementia and Alzheimer's disease [review]. Neurology.1993;43:13-20.
CJ Education and Alzheimer's disease: a review of recent international epidemiological studies. Aging Mental Health.1997;1:33-46.
et al Functional status, education, and the diagnosis of dementia in the Shanghai survey. Neurology.1993;43:138-145.
et al Prevalence of Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia: association with education: the Rotterdam study. BMJ.1995;310:970-973.
F Prevalence of dementia in an elderly rural population: effects of age, sex, and education. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry.1996;60:628-633.
et al Low education is a genuine risk factor for accelerated memory decline and dementia. J Clin Epidemiol.1997;50:1025-1033.
E The effect of education on dementia occurrence in an Italian population with middle to high socioeconomic status. Neurology.1998;50:1231-1238.
et al Prevalence and risks of dementia in the Japanese population: RERF's Adult Health Study Hiroshima subjects. J Am Geriatr Soc.1999;47:189-195.
The Canadian Study of Health and Aging The Canadian Study of Health and Aging: risk factors for Alzheimer's disease in Canada. Neurology.1994;44:2073-2080.
EB Early-life risk factors and the development of Alzheimer's disease. Neurology.2000;54:415-420.
LT Lack of association between Alzheimer's disease and education, occupation, marital status, or living arrangement. Neurology.1992;42:2063-2068.
A Risk factors for Alzheimer's disease and dementia: a case-control study based on the MRC elderly hypertension trial. Neurology.1994;44:97-104.
et al Education and occupation as risk factors for dementia: a population-based case-control study. Neuroepidemiology.1995;14:101-109.
ST Prevalence of Alzheimer's disease and other dementias in rural India: the Indo-US Study. Neurology.1998;51:1000-1008.
LM Education and incident Alzheimer's disease: a biased association due to selective attrition and use of a two-step diagnostic procedure? Int J Epidemiol.1999;28:492-497.
Fvan de Mheen
MMB Education and the incidence of dementia in a large population-based study: the Rotterdam Study. Neurology.1999;52:663-666.
R Influence of education and occupation on the incidence of Alzheimer's disease. JAMA.1994;271:1004-1010.
HC Relationship of age, education, and occupation with dementia among a community-based sample of African Americans. Arch Neurol.1996;53:134-140.
et al Education and other measures of socioeconomic status and risk of incident Alzheimer disease in a defined population of older persons. Arch Neurol.1997;54:1399-1405.
JF Are sex and educational level independent predictors of dementia and Alzheimer's disease? incidence data from the PAQUID project. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry.1999;66:177-183.
ST Ten-year incidence of dementia in a rural elderly US community population: the MoVIES Project. Neurology.2000;54:1109-1116.
et alfor the EURODEM Incidence Research Group Education and the risk for Alzheimer's disease: sex makes a difference: EURODEM pooled analyses. Am J Epidemiol.2000;151:1064-1071.
et al Incidence of dementia in a population older than 75 years in the United Kingdom. Arch Gen Psychiatry.1994;51:325-332.
RB The effect of education on the incidence of dementia and Alzheimer's disease in the Framingham Study. Neurology.1995;45:1707-1712.
HC Low education and childhood rural residence: risk for Alzheimer's disease in African Americans. Neurology.2000;54:95-99.
V Factors affecting the age of onset and rate of progression of Alzheimer's disease. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry.1998;65:184-190.
DG An autopsy-verified study of the effect of education on degenerative dementia. Brain.1999;122:2309-2319.
V Educational attainment and socioeconomic status of patients with autopsy-confirmed Alzheimer disease. Arch Neurol.2000;57:85-89.
R Increased risk of mortality in Alzheimer's disease patients with more advanced educational and occupational attainment. Ann Neurol.1995;37:590-595.
B Low education and AD: effects on diagnostics rather than risk [abstract]. Neurobiol Aging.1998;19(suppl 4):214.
B Occurrence of dementia in advanced age: the study design of the Kungsholmen Project. Neuroepidemiology.1992;11(suppl 1):29-36.
B Very old women at highest risk of dementia and Alzheimer's disease: incidence data from the Kungsholmen Project, Stockholm. Neurology.1997;48:132-138.
American Psychiatric Association Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Revised Third Edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 1987.
RL A new clinical scale for the staging of dementia. Br J Psychiatry.1982;140:566-572.
et al The malignancy of dementia: predictors of mortality in clinically diagnosed dementia in a population survey of Shanghai, China. Arch Neurol.1994;51:1220-1225.
et alfor the Italian Longitudinal Study on Aging Working Group Dementia is a major predictor of death among the Italian elderly. Neurology.1999;52:709-713.
et al A reevaluation of the duration of survival after the onset of dementia. N Engl J Med.2001;344:1111-1116.
WY Rate of memory decline in AD is related to education and occupation: cognitive reserve? Neurology.1999;53:1942-1947.
DA Premorbid reading activity and patterns of cognitive decline in Alzheimer disease. Arch Neurol.2000;57:1718-1723.
R Inverse relationship between education and parietotemporal perfusion deficit in Alzheimer's disease. Ann Neurol.1992;32:371-375.
DJ Dementia mortality in the United States: results of the 1986 National Mortality Followback Survey. Neurology.1998;50:362-367.