In 1865 Americans saw the end of the Civil War, and their president, Abraham Lincoln, was assassinated. Slavery was abolished by the Thirteenth Amendment. The Atlantic cable linking Europe and the United States was completed. Bismarck and Napoleon III had a meeting resulting in Prussian supremacy in Germany. Lister had shown that antiseptic surgery was feasible and great surgical advances were made possible. Maxwell published his treatise defining the laws that related electricity to magnetism. Mendel's laws of heredity were formulated, and Pasteur saved the silk industry by curing silkworm disease. Alice in Wonderland was written by Lewis Carroll; Twain, Whitman, Homer, Inness, Wagner, and Rimsky-Korsakov all added to our cultural heritage.
Illustration of a neuron showing a long axon, from Deiters.6 Prior to this time neurons had only been described with dendrites. Their unipolar aspect had not been previously recognized.
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