0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Regional Distribution of Neurofibrillary Tangles and Senile Plaques in the Cerebral Cortex of Very Old Patients

Panteleimon Giannakopoulos, MD; Patrick R. Hof, MD; Anne-Séverine Giannakopoulos, MD; François R. Herrmann, MD, MPH; Jean-Pierre Michel, MD; Constantin Bouras, MD
Arch Neurol. 1995;52(12):1150-1159. doi:10.1001/archneur.1995.00540360028012.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objectives:  To examine the correlations between senile lesion densities and development of dementia symptoms in very old people. To perform a quantitative neuropathologic evaluation of several cortical and subcortical areas in a series of 29 nonagenarians and centenarians.

Patients:  Ten patients with no cognitive impairment and 19 patients with clinically overt Alzheimer's disease.

Design:  Neuropathologic case series. Severity of Alzheimer's disease was assessed with the Mini-Mental State examination and by postmortem chart review using the extended Clinical Dementia Rating Scale. Comparisons between neurofibrillary tangle and senile plaque densities in demented and nondemented individuals were performed by analysis of covariance controlling for age at the time of death.

Setting:  Studies were conducted at the Psychiatric and Geriatric hospitals of the University of Geneva School of Medicine in Geneva, Switzerland.

Main Outcome Measure:  Correlations between clinical diagnosis and severity of Alzheimer's disease and neuropathologic change densities.

Results:  Statistically significant differences were found in neurofibrillary tangle densities in the superior parietal, superior temporal, anterior and posterior cingulate cortex, and nucleus basalis of Meynert between nondemented and Alzheimer's disease cases. The superior parietal and posterior cingulate cortex contained significantly higher senile plaque counts in demented compared with nondemented cases. In contrast to younger demented cases, the number of senile plaques in the neocortex was correlated with the severity of dementia in centenarians.

Conclusions:  These results indicate that the neuronal degeneration in very old demented patients involves cortical areas usually preserved at the early stages of the dementing process. Senile plaque formation in certain neocortical areas may be a pathologic hallmark of the severity of dementia in this particular age group.

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();