0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Cerebral Infarction in Alzheimer's Disease Is Associated With Severe Amyloid Angiopathy and Hypertension

John M. Olichney, MD; Lawrence A. Hansen, MD; C. Richard Hofstetter, PhD; Michael Grundman, MD, MPH; Robert Katzman, MD; Leon J. Thal, MD
Arch Neurol. 1995;52(7):702-708. doi:10.1001/archneur.1995.00540310076019.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective:  To determine if severe cerebral amyloid angiopathy (AA) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated with an increased prevalence of cerebral infarction diagnosed at autopsy. Amyloid angiopathy is increasingly recognized as a cause of ischemic infarcts, as well as cerebral hemorrhages. However, the relationship of AA to cerebral infarction in patients with AD is uncertain.

Design:  Retrospective clinicopathological study of autopsy-confirmed cases of AD.

Patients:  One hundred forty-five deceased patients with AD confirmed at autopsy.

Main Outcome Measures:  Semiquantitative scores of AA severity were done in four brain regions: midfrontal, inferior parietal, superior temporal, and hippocampal. The finding of cerebral infarction at autopsy was modeled as a function of AA severity, hypertension, age at death, AD severity, and sex in X2 and multiple logistic regression analyses.

Results:  Severe AA was significantly associated with cerebral infarction at autopsy in patients with AD (odds ratio [OR], 3.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.4 to 8.9). None of the other independent variables in the multiple logistic regression analysis were significant predictors. While hypertension was equally common in the severe and mild AA subgroups, the combination of both severe AA and hypertension interacted to increase the risk of infarction (OR, 14.2; 95% CI, 3.2 to 63.4) beyond that observed with hypertension (OR, 1.1; 95% CI, 0.4 to 3.2) or severe AA (OR, 1.3; 95% CI, 0.3 to 5.3) alone.

Conclusions:  Severe AA is associated with an increased frequency of cerebral infarction in patients with AD. This appears to be largely due to an interaction between severe AA and hypertension that may produce multiplicative injuries on the vasculature. Further study with regard as to how AA may cause ischemia and its role in the neuropathologic and clinical progression of AD is needed.

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();