Article |

Lack of Difference in Brain Hyperintensities Between Patients With Early Alzheimer's Disease and Control Subjects

Timo Erkinjuntti, MD, PhD; Fuqiang Gao, MD; Donald H. Lee, MD; Michael Eliasziw, PhD; Harold Merskey, DM; Vladimir C. Hachinski, MD, DSc(Med)
Arch Neurol. 1994;51(3):260-268. doi:10.1001/archneur.1994.00540150054016.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective:  To rate magnetic resonance image signal hyperintensities in clearly defined white and deep gray matter areas in patients with early Alzheimer's disease and controls.

Design:  Prospective series. The National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke—The Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Association criteria for probable Alzheimer's disease. Blinded assessment.

Setting:  University hospital, dementia study group.

Subjects:  Thirty-four patients with Alzheimer's disease. Thirty-eight age-matched healthy community volunteers.

Measures:  Frequency of hyperintensities in axial magnetic resonance images (1.5-T system) seen both in the proton density and T2-weighted scans examined in vascular centrencephalon, centrum semiovale, watershed, periventricular, and subcortical white matter. Periventricular hyperintensities classification include caps, thin lining, and smooth and irregular halo. Hyperintensities in other areas include small and large focal, focal confluent, and diffusely confluent. The hyperintensities were counted and rated using a five-point scale and the Fazekas method.

Results:  No difference in the ratings, frequency, or extent of the hyperintensities between patients with early Alzheimer's disease and controls. Majority of patients and controls had two or fewer hyperintensities and they were mostly small foci, caps, and thin linings. The hyperintensities are associated with arterial hypertension, diabetes, cardiac disorder, and age in different combinations, but not with Alzheimer's disease.

Conclusion:  Tiny hyperintensities on magnetic resonance images are frequent both in patients with early Alzheimer's disease and in healthy controls; most of the lesions are not related to brain ischemia. When age and vascular risk factors were taken into account, no difference between patients with early Alzheimer's disease and control subjects could be detected.


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.