0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Apomorphine Test for Dopaminergic Responsiveness in Patients With Previously Untreated Parkinson's Disease

Thomas Gasser, MD; Johannes Schwarz, MD; Guy Arnold, MD; Claudia Trenkwalder, MD; Wolfgang H. Oertel, MD
Arch Neurol. 1992;49(11):1131-1134. doi:10.1001/archneur.1992.00530350045017.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

• We prospectively examined the predictive value of the apomorphine test for the therapeutic efficacy of sustained oral levodopa treatment in 62 patients with de novo Parkinson syndrome (no additional neurological deficit) who had not previously been treated with dopaminergic medication. Patients received 2 to 5 mg of apomorphine hydrochloride subcutaneously and a subsequent trial of oral levodopa of at least 3 months' duration. In three patients, response to apomorphine could not be evaluated owing to side effects experienced during the test. In the remaining 59 patients, the best predictor of response to oral levodopa was the apomorphine-induced relative decrease in the scores on the motor examination part of the Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS). At a cutoff value of 20% improvement in UPDRS scores, the test predicted the response to levodopa correctly in 50 patients (85%). The sensitivity of the test was 90%, specificity 88%. The positive predictive value was 95%. However, seven of 19 apomorphine test—negative patients experienced a good (n=4) or partial (n=3) improvement with levodopa therapy. Thus, the negative predictive value was only 63%. We conclude that response to apomorphine has a high predictive value for response to sustained oral levodopa treatment in most previously untreated patients, but a negative test should not preclude an adequate trial of oral levodopa.

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();