0
Article |

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Signal Hyperintensities in the Deep and Subcortical White Matter:  A Comparative Study Between Stroke Patients and Normal Volunteers

Reinhold Schmidt, MD; Franz Fazekas, MD; Gertrude Kleinert, MD; Hans Offenbacher, MD; Kurt Gindl, MD; Franz Payer, MD; Wolfgang Freidl, PhD; Kurt Niederkorn, MD; Helmut Lechner, MD
Arch Neurol. 1992;49(8):825-827. doi:10.1001/archneur.1992.00530320049011.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

• Mixed population studies suggest a relationship between deep and subcortical white matter hyperintensities on magnetic resonance imaging and cerebrovascular disease. To further clarify this issue we compared the prevalence and extent of such signal abnormalities between a group of 133 consecutive stroke patients (mean age, 54.7±16.7 years) and 101 normal volunteers (mean age, 54.7±13.1 years). Diabetes and cardiac disease were significantly more common in patients than in normal subjects. Prevalence rates of clinically silent lesions were 44% and 47.5%, respectively. Beginning confluent and confluent foci were seen in 19.5% of patients, but in only 7.5% of normal subjects. Significant univariate correlations were found for the presence and extent of lesions with age, diabetes, cardiac disease, severity of extracranial carotid arteriosclerosis, and arterial hypertension, but not with the diagnosis of stroke or the type of brain infarction. Multivariate regression analysis established age and diabetes mellitus as the only independent predictors of white matter damage. We conclude that more extensive white matter abnormalities in stroke patients stem from their higher rate of cerebrovascular risk factors but are unrelated to the occurrence of ischemic attacks per se.

Topics

Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();