0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Astrocyte Expression of Major Histocompatibility Complex Gene Products in Multiple Sclerosis Brain Tissue Obtained by Stereotactic Biopsy

Richard M. Ransohoff, MD; Melinda L. Estes, MD
Arch Neurol. 1991;48(12):1244-1246. doi:10.1001/archneur.1991.00530240048017.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

• Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I and class II antigens were characterized by immunocytochemistry in two chronic-active multiple sclerosis lesions in tissue obtained from two patients by stereotactic biopsy. We examined in particular astrocytic MHC-positive cells in relation to lesion architecture. The MHC class I (HLA-A,B,C)—positive astrocytic cells were widely dispersed, being present at the lesion edge, in the gliotic lesion center, and in normal-appearing white matter as well. Morphologically astrocytic MHC class II (HLA-DR)—positive cells were confined exclusively to the lesion edge. By staining serial sections with antisera to glialfibrillary acidic protein and HLA-DR, we confirmed the lineage of several MHC class II—positive astrocytes. The demonstration of MHC antigen—positive astrocytes in multiple sclerosis tissue obtained by stereotactic biopsy is novel; the differential distribution of MHC class I—and class II—positive astrocytes in the multiple sclerosis lesion may provide suggestive clues about the regulation of MHC expression on these cells in vivo.

Topics

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

44 Views
0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
×
brightcove.createExperiences();