Article |

Hypertensive Encephalopathy:  Magnetic Resonance Imaging Demonstration of Reversible Cortical and White Matter Lesions

Robert A. Hauser, MD; D. Michael Lacey, MD; M. Reed Knight, MD
Arch Neurol. 1988;45(10):1078-1083. doi:10.1001/archneur.1988.00520340032007.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

• Computed tomographic (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) views of the brain were obtained in two adults and one child with hypertensive encephalopathy (HTE). Noncontrast CT was normal in one case and demonstrated decreased density posteriorly in two cases; MRI demonstrated focal, symmetric increased signal intensity in white matter and cortex, with occipital lobe involvement in each case. These lesions were better visualized on T2-weighted than on spin density images and were resolved on follow-up MRI four to five weeks later. These MRI studies support the concept that HTE is caused by the multifocal extravasation of fluid and proteins across the blood-brain barrier during "breakthrough" of cerebral autoregulation. We found that MRI appears more sensitive than CT and better defines the anatomy of cerebral involvement in HTE.


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.