We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Intrathecally Administered Natural Human Fibroblast Interferon Reduces Exacerbations of Multiple Sclerosis Results of a Multicenter, Double-blinded Study

Lawrence Jacobs, MD; Andres M. Salazar, MD; Robert Herndon, MD; Peter A. Reese, JD; Arnold Freeman, MD; Ralph Jozefowicz, MD; Albert Cuetter, MD; Farhat Husain, MD; William A. Smith, MD; Roslyn Ekes; Judith A. O'Malley, PhD
Arch Neurol. 1987;44(6):589-595. doi:10.1001/archneur.1987.00520180013008.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


• A randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, two-year multicenter study demonstrated that natural human fibroblast interferon (interferon beta) administered intrathecally (IT) is effective in reducing the exacerbations of exacerbating-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS). The mean reduction in exacerbation rate of 34 patients with MS who received interferon beta administered IT was significantly greater during the study than that of 35 control patients who received placebo. The prestudy exacerbation rates were comparable for both patients who received interferon beta and control patients, but the exacerbation rate of patients receiving interferon beta at the end of the study was significantly lower than that of the control patients. Interferon beta was administered by nine or ten lumbar punctures for the first six months of the study, and observations were continued for two years. In 95% of the recipients, interferon beta therapy was well tolerated, and the side effects experienced were clearly acceptable for the benefits achieved. Low doses of indomethacin dramatically reduced the toxicity of interferon beta therapy and played an important role in successful double blinding. This study confirms a preliminary report on 20 patients that initially suggested that interferon beta administered IT was of benefit in patients with MS. The number of treatments was fewer and the dosage of interferon beta administered was less in the present study than in the preliminary one. It is possible that even fewer treatments with lower doses of interferon beta administered might provide a similar degree of prophylaxis against exacerbations.


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.