We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Value of Second Lumbar Puncture in Confirming a Diagnosis of Aseptic Meningitis A Prospective Study

Ajit P. Varki, MB; Paul Puthuran, MD
Arch Neurol. 1979;36(9):581-582. doi:10.1001/archneur.1979.00500450075016.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


• In patients with viral meningitis, polymorphonuclear leukocytes sometimes predominate in the CSF on initial examination. In a prospective analysis of this phenomenon, 16 consecutive patients with viral meningitis were followed up with serial CSF studies. The percentage of polymorphonuclear leukocytes showed a significant fall between initial and second examinations (41.75 ± 27.0 to 8.6 ± 8.78 [mean ± 2 SD], P <.001), while total WBC counts and the protein and sugar content levels remained unchanged. Based mainly upon this "polymorph shift," antibiotic therapy was correctly withheld from 100% of patients reexamined. On subsequent examinations, the percentage of polymorphonuclear cells remained low. All patients recovered completely without any specific treatment. In otherwise healthy subjects with the aseptic meningitis syndrome, antibiotic therapy can be withheld even when polymorphonuclear cells predominate on initial CSF examination. If suspicion arises regarding the diagnosis, another examination will demonstrate a significant fall in polymorphonuclear cells if the initial impression was correct.


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.