0
Article |

Paroxysmal Kinesigenic Choreoathetosis:  Report of a Case Relieved by Carbamazepine

Motohiro Kato, MD; Shukuro Araki, MD
Arch Neurol. 1969;20(5):508-513. doi:10.1001/archneur.1969.00480110072006.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

IN 1901, Gowers1 described two patients with paroxysmal involuntary movements precipitated by initiation of voluntary movement. Since then, few similar cases have been reported. In 1940, Mount and Reback2 described a family in which several members suffered from episodic choreoathetosis and called the disorder "familial paroxysmal choreoathetosis." Subsequently, the same or similar conditions were described with various other titles such as reflex epilepsy,3 periodic dystonia,4 epilepsie bravais-jacksonienne réflex,5 conditionally responsive extrapyramidal syndrome,6 seizures induced by movement,7 hereditary kinesthetic reflex epilepsy,8 and paroxysmal kinesigenic choreoathetosis.9

These paroxysms are characterized by choreoathetotic and tonic movements. They are precipitated by sudden voluntary movement, begin in childhood, and are occasionally familial. The cause is not known, although one patient had a birth injury10 and another a scar of the cerebral cortex.11 The mechanism of the involuntary movements has not been clarified.

Since the disorder

Topics

Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

First Page Preview

View Large
/>
First page PDF preview

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();