2. Behavior and Evolution.
Edited by Ann Rae and George Gaylord Simpson. Yale University Press, New Haven, Conn., 1958.
3. The Phenomenon of Man.
By Pierre Teilhard de Chardin. Harper & Brothers, 49 E. 33d St., New York, 1959.The centenary of Darwin's The Origin of Species in 1959 inspired many conferences on evolution, some of which discussed the development of the brain and of behavior. Two books of special importance to neuropsychiatry are Darwin's Biological Work: Some Aspects Reconsidered and Behavior and Evolution. The former reports a symposium in London where J. B. S. Haldane in a brilliant paper considers the mind as a product of evolution. P. Marlor, in an equally admirable exposition, summarizes the ethological work of recent years on animal behavior, especially the chemical, auditory, and visual means of communication. Here is a rich material dealing with the origins of language, throwing light on how the higher vertebrates came to think.In the American book, on Behavior and Evolution, every chapter is pertinent to neurology. The senior editor, G. G.