0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
From JAMA |

Plasma β-Amyloid Linked to Cognitive Decline

John H. Growdon, MD; Bradley T. Hyman, MD, PhD
Arch Neurol. 2011;68(6):799-801. doi:10.1001/archneurol.2011.114.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

ABSTRACT

JAMA

Association of Plasma β-Amyloid Level and Cognitive Reserve With Subsequent Cognitive Decline

Kristine Yaffe, MD; Andrea Weston, MPH; Neill R. Graff-Radford, MBBCh; Suzanne Satterfield, MD, DrPh; Eleanor M. Simonsick, PhD; Steven G. Younkin, MD, PhD; Linda H. Younkin, PhD; Lewis Kuller, MD, DrPh; Hilsa N. Ayonayon, PhD; Jingzhong Ding, MD, PhD; Tamara B. Harris, MD, MS

Context:   Lower plasma β-amyloid 42 and 42/40 levels have been associated with incident dementia, but results are conflicting and few have investigated cognitive decline among elders without dementia.

Objective:   To determine if plasma β-amyloid is associated with cognitive decline and if this association is modified by measures of cognitive reserve.

Design, Setting, and Participants:   We studied 997 black and white community-dwelling older adults from Memphis, Tennessee, and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, who were enrolled in the Health ABC Study, a prospective observational study begun in 1997-1998 with 10-year follow-up in 2006-2007. Participant mean age was 74.0 (SD, 3.0) years; 55.2% (n = 550) were female; and 54.0% (n = 538) were black.

Main Outcome Measures:   Association of near-baseline plasma β-amyloid levels (42 and 42/40 measured in 2010) and repeatedly measured Modified Mini-Mental State Examination (3MS) results.

Results:   Low β-amyloid 42/40 level was associated with greater 9-year 3MS cognitive decline (lowest β-amyloid tertile: mean change in 3MS score, −6.59 [95% confidence interval [CI], −5.21 to −7.67] points; middle tertile: −6.16 [95% CI, −4.92 to −7.32] points; and highest tertile: −3.60 [95% CI, −2.27 to −4.73] points; P < .001). Results were similar after multivariate adjustment for age, race, education, diabetes, smoking, and apolipoprotein E [APOE ] e4 status and after excluding the 72 participants with incident dementia. Measures of cognitive reserve modified this association whereby among those with high reserve (at least a high school diploma, higher than sixth-grade literacy, or no APOE e4 allele), β-amyloid 42/40 was less associated with multivariate adjusted 9-year decline. For example, among participants with less than a high school diploma, the 3MS score decline was −8.94 (95% CI, −6.94 to −10.94) for the lowest tertile compared with −4.45 (95% CI, −2.31 to −6.59) for the highest tertile, but for those with at least a high school diploma, 3MS score decline was −4.60 (95% CI, −3.07 to −6.13) for the lowest tertile and −2.88 (95% CI, −1.41 to −4.35) for the highest tertile (P = .004 for interaction). Interactions were also observed for literacy (P = .005) and for APOE e4 allele (P = .02).

Conclusion:   Lower plasma β-amyloid 42/40 is associated with greater cognitive decline among elderly persons without dementia over 9 years, and this association is stronger among those with low measures of cognitive reserve.

JAMA. 2011;305(3):261-266.

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();